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Assessing Mathematical Fluency

Assessing Mathematical Fluency
It is the end of the school year. You've spent time and energy teaching various math concepts so that your students have a conceptual understanding of content. Students in your class have explored foundations of operations using concrete models and…
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Joining and separating….using actions to understand addition and subtraction

Joining and separating….using actions to understand addition and subtraction
According to MAFS.K.OA.1.1, students in kindergarten are required to, "Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations." They are also required to, "Solve addition and subtraction word…
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The struggle can be real when subtracting!

The struggle can be real when subtracting!
Do you have students in third, fourth, or fifth grade that are struggling with subtraction? Chances are, they missed the concrete phase of modeling subtraction with regrouping. This skill is extremely valuable as per the Mathematics Florida Standards, students in…
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Progression of Addition and Subtraction

Progression of Addition and Subtraction
The Progression of Addition and Subtraction is a wildly discussed topic in elementary schools. It is important that we do not rush students' understanding of the operations. Learning should be anchored in the foundational understanding of joining and separating situations,…
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Round and Round We Go… Where we will stop… At Rounding?

Round and Round We Go… Where we will stop… At Rounding?
In 4th grade students also use rounding to estimate sums and differences. This strategy is used to make sure that their estimation is reasonable. They used this strategy in 3rd grade. Below is some examples of estimation that students learned…
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Top 5 Things to consider when teaching 3rd grade students about adding or subtracting with place value understanding!!

Top 5 Things to consider when teaching 3rd grade students about adding or subtracting with place value understanding!!
Here are the Top 5 things to consider when teaching 3rd grade students about adding and subtracting multi-digit numbers with place value understanding: 1. Student’s prior knowledge from 2nd grade and how it relates to 3rd grade standards Students in…
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Concrete-Representational-Abstract

Concrete-Representational-Abstract
What is the Concrete-Representational-Abstract (CRA) instructional approach? CRA is a gradual systematic approach to teaching mathematics. Each stage builds on to the previous stage and therefore must be taught in sequence. This three step approach has been found to be…
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Direct Modeling- Why is it Important?

Direct Modeling- Why is it Important?
What is direct modeling? Direct modeling is when students show exactly what is happening in the problem, using manipulatives or pictures, to solve. Direct modeling is a powerful strategy that provides a foundation for the more advanced strategies that follow.…
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Open Number Lines Can Change Your Life!

Open Number Lines Can Change Your Life!
What are open number lines? An open number line starts as a line with no numbers. They can be used as a visual representation for recording thinking during the process of mental computation. Why are open number lines so useful?…
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A Different Angle on Basic Facts

A Different Angle on Basic Facts
Many kids who struggle to learn their basic facts often believe there are hundreds of facts to be learned because they do not understand the relationship between the facts and between the operations.  A tool that can help students learn…
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