By the end of Kindergarten, students are required to fluently add and subtract within 5. Throughout the year, students have built conceptual understanding of addition and subtraction through joining and separating situations. They’ve also have ample experience working with Five and Ten Frames. These skills can be used to practice fluency with addition and subtraction within 5.
A quick game to play with students is “Five Frame Flash”
To play, simply flash a five frame to students for 3-5 seconds and have them come up with the number sentence of what they see. There may be more than one correct response.
For example, if you flash the image below, students might say, “Five” or, they might say, “Five and 0 is 5 or 0+5=5”
There are plenty of opportunities to sneak in some extra time to build fluency with your students! Find a time that works for you and play Five Frame Flash to ensure your students leave kindergarten being able to fluently add and subtract within 5!!!